In its long form, HTTPS stands for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure. It is a secure form or version of HTTP. Simply said, this is a protocol through which data is securely transmitted between a website you are connected to and your browser.
Often, you can notice the word “https” on the URL (Uniform Resource Locator) of your webpage whenever you are browsing online.
The secure hypertext transfer protocol gives your connection more security during transmission of data over the internet as compared to HTTP alone. Therefore, https works by minimizing the chances of someone trying to intercept or access your data as it travels from your computer to the server over the internet browsers such as Google Mail, Facebook or any other website.
Basically, HTTPs works by the use of the two secure protocols (SSL & TLS) so as to encrypt communications. SSL is an acronym for Secure Sockets Layer whilst TLS stands for Transport Layer Security respectively.
Both of the two secure protocols use a public key infrastructure system. This is an asymmetric system that use the double key concept to encrypt information through both ends of the communication channels. Public Key Infrastructure is simply the process of exchanging the public keys through the use of Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) to enable HTTPS, TSL, and SSL.
Https came about as network administrators tried to figure out on how to securely share their information through the internet.
The hypertext transfer protocol was thus agreed upon but it was not secure enough as everyone would easily intercept the internet and exchange or steal information.
Eventually, the protection, “secure” was added and agreed upon to add on the security whereby the sender and recipient of information agree upon a given code that would translate the information being shared into a random string of characters that only those who share the information know. Computers are able to encode these codes quickly and fast than humans do so they are efficient and used.
Notably, the major benefits of using https is to safeguard the security of sensitive information such as customer information credit cards online.
This secures them by ensuring that they are not intercepted by unauthorized people or systems online. Besides, customers are able to trust online sites and do complete purchases to websites that have and use https.